Phenomenal phenological events are highly sought-after among naturalists, biologists, and other outdoor enthusiasts. Many of these events are at the center of classic learning strategies to teach about the natural world and have guided content and instructional strategies in textbooks and curriculum development. Classic examples include events like the life cycle of the monarch butterfly, flowers coming into bloom, and the migratory patterns of birds.
Another is the emergence and migration of amphibians in spring to mate and reproduce. In one such example, spotted or yellow-spotted salamanders emerge on a rainy night to travel to vernal pools. They depend on this small body of water, formed by rain and snow-melt, for reproduction. If you happen to be there, you could be witness to a migration of many hundreds of salamanders.
The life cycle and unique symbiosis that follows this migration has been pondered since 1888 and is still under examination today. Spotted Salamander Symbiosis was created to provide an instructional strategy for the classroom that will enhance symbiosis content, reinforce classic biological concepts, and provide examples of project-based learning that merge the field and classroom.
Included in Spotted Salamander Symbiosis are the following: