R/F-93 A


Winter Mortality of Chesapeake Blue Crabs, Callinectes sapidus (Confidential proposal with patent pending)

Principal Investigator:

Anson H. Hines

Start/End Year:

2002 - 2005


Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

Co-Principal Investigator:

Victor S. Kennedy, Horn Point Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science; Thomas J. Miller, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science



(1) To test the hypothesis that winter mortality of blue crabs is related to winter severity; (2) To determine mechanism(s) of winter mortality with respect to interactive effects of cold temperature, low salinity, size class, and nutritional condition; and (3) To incorporate the survival and growth functions with the winter dredge survey into spatially explicit and stage-based models of Chesapeake blue crab stock dynamics to improve fishery targets.

Related Publications:

Bauer, LJ; Miller, TJ. 2010. Temperature-, Salinity-, and Size-Dependent Winter Mortality of Juvenile Blue Crabs (Callinectes sapidus). Estuaries and Coasts33(3):668 -677. doi:10.1007/s12237-010-9277-2. UM-SG-RS-2010-02.

Bauer, LJ; Miller, TJ. 2010. Spatial and Interannual Variability in Winter Mortality of the Blue Crab (Callinectes sapidus) in the Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries and Coasts33(3):678 -687. doi:10.1007/s12237-009-9237-x. UM-SG-RS-2010-03.

Kennedy, VS; Shaw, KS; Newell, RIE. 2009. Discriminatory predation by three invertebrates on eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) compared with non-native Suminoe oysters (C-ariakensis). Invertebrate Biology128(1):16 -25. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2008.00151.x. UM-SG-RS-2009-05.

Jensen, OP; Christman, MC; Miller, TJ. 2006. Landscape-based geostatistics: a case study of the distribution of blue crab in Chesapeake Bay. Environmetrics17(6):605 -621. doi:10.1002/env.767. UM-SG-RS-2006-19.

Aguilar, R; Hines, AH; Wolcott, TG; Wolcott, DL; Kramer, MA; Lipcius, RN. 2005. The timing and route of movement and migration of post-copulatory female blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, from the upper Chesapeake Bay. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology319(12):117 -128. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2004.08.030. UM-SG-RS-2005-28.

Jensen, OP; Miller, TJ. 2005. Geostatistical analysis of the abundance and winter distribution patterns of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus in Chesapeake Bay. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society134(6):1582 -1598. doi:10.1577/T04-218.1. UM-SG-RS-2005-08.

Rome, MS; Young-Williams, AC; Davis, GR; Hines, AH. 2005. Linking temperature and salinity tolerance to winter mortality of of Chesapeake Bay blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology319(12):129 -145. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2004.06.014. UM-SG-RS-2005-13.

Seitz, RD; Marshall, LS; Hines, AH; Clark, KL. 2003. Effects of hypoxia on predator-prey dynamics of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus and the Baltic clam Macoma balthica in Chesapeake Bay. Marine Ecology Progress Series257:179 -188. doi:10.3354/meps257179. UM-SG-RS-2003-26.

Turner, HV; Wolcott, DL; Wolcott, TG; Hines, AH. 2003. Post-mating behavior, intramolt growth, and onset of migration to Chesapeake Bay spawning grounds by adult female blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology295(1):107 -130. doi:10.1016/S0022-0981(03)00290-9. UM-SG-RS-2003-29.

The Blue Crab: Callinectes Sapidus

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pile of cooked crabs