The relative importance of ballast water from domestic ship traffic in translocation of nonindigenous species among U.S. ports

Principal Investigator:

Gregory M. Ruiz

Start/End Year:

1997 - 2000


Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

Co-Principal Investigator:

Anson H. Hines, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center


The overall goal of this research is to measure the patterns of delivery and viability of species transferred among U.S. ports in the ballast water of domestic ship traffic. We propose to measure directly the volume of ballast water delivered to selected Atlantic ports from other domestic ports, the abundance and diversity of organisms associated with that ballast water, and the survival of these organisms during transit and upon arrival.

Related Publications:

Fofonoff, PW, Ruiz, GM; Steves, B; Carlton, JT. 2003. In ships or on ships? Mechanisms of transfer and invasion for nonnative species to the coasts of North America. Ruiz, GM; Carlton, JT, eds. Invasive Species: Vectors and Management Strategies. Island Press.Chapter 7:152 -182. UM-SG-RS-2003-33.

The Blue Crab: Callinectes Sapidus

An essential resource for researchers, students, and managers.  Get your copy today!

pile of cooked crabs