Science Serving Maryland's Coasts

R/E-22h

Salt Water Intrusion and Legacy Nutrient Release Across Coastal Farmland

Principal Investigator: 

Katherine Tully

Start/End Year: 

2017 to 2019

Institution: 

University of Maryland, College Park

Co-Principal investigator: 

Danielle Weissman

Strategic focus area: 

Resilient communities and economies

Description: 

As the world’s climate changes, rural coastlines are becoming more vulnerable to sea level rise. Consequently, these ecosystems are undergoing major disruptions in nutrient cycling. Tidal salt marshes, riparian forests, and farmland converge on coastlines, forming ecotones, or unique transitional ecosystems. With centuries of farming and fertilizer additions, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in excess of plant demand can accumulate in soils (known as legacy nutrients). Sea level rise and associated saltwater intrusion following storm events can remobilize legacy nutrients years or even decades after application, supplying a persistent but unpredictable source of nutrients to downstream waterways. The proposed study will investigate the potential impact saltwater intrusion on P and N loading on the Lower Eastern Shore of Maryland using a combination of field measurements, lab experiments, and data synthesis. This work will build on a year of preliminary data, which indicates that saltwater intrusion on farm fields enhances the release of phosphate, nitrate, and ammonium and that these nutrients are accumulating in salt marshes downslope. By quantifying these inputs and delineating the key the biogeochemical processes that enhance nutrient release into waterways, this study will provide crucial information for land managers and conservation groups attempting to improve water quality in Maryland's coastal agricultural areas.