Research & Restoration
Restoring oysters to ecological prominence in the Chesapeake Bay will take dedicated scientific research and innovation. Work is underway in several areas, including:
• Disease - From ecologists to molecular biologists, scientists are working to better understand the two parasites responsible for major Chesapeake Bay oyster mortalities, Dermo and MSX.
• Disease-resistance - Researchers in the mid-Atlantic are partnering through CROSBreed to develop hatchery-raised strains of native Chesapeake oysters that have been bred to resist both MSX and Dermo.
• Oyster planting - Disease-free oyster spat from the Horn Point Laboratory’s hatchery fuels the work of the Oyster Recovery Partnership (ORP), a diverse collaboration of stakeholders working to produce and plant oyster spat on shell for various restoration projects throughout the region.
• Reef reconstruction - With the large natural oyster reefs mostly gone, where do you plant the oyster spat? Reef reconstruction is largely seen as a solution, but questions remain. Where should they be located? What size should they be? How many reefs will it take to make a difference? Scientists are researching the answers to these questions and more, including the ecological value of reefs and oyster longevity in relation to disease and reef structures.
• Aquaculture - What is the future role for aquaculture in the Bay? How might it work? What are the best policies to promote an appropriate oyster aquaculture industry in Maryland?
Native Oyster (Crassostrea virginica)
Restoration in Maryland and Virginia:
An Evluation of Lessons Learned,
1990-2007 (a 44-page report)
Maryland Sea Grant ExtensionOysters
Maryland Oyster Aquaculture History and Policy
The MSX Files: Unmasking an Oyster Killer
Volume 5, Number 2, 2006
Can Oysters Thrive Again?
Modelers Confront the Bay's Complexity
Volume 4, Number 3, 2005
A New Oyster for the Bay
Volume 1, Number 3, 2002
Maryland Marine Notes
Oyster Reefs: Key to Restoring Bay Grasses? (January-February 2001)
Oyster Sanctuaries - An Ecological Approach to Restoration (July-August 1999)
Aquaculture and Restoration (January-February 1998)
A Question of Survival (January-February 1997)
The New Oyster Wars (Summer 1995)
Juvenile Oyster Disease (Summer 1995)
Improving Bay Water Quality - The Role of Oyster Reefs (Winter 2001)
Oyster Restoration in the Chesapeake Bay: Looking Back, Looking Forward (Fall 2000)
Oyster Production at the Horn Point Laboratory, 1994-2000 (Fall 2000)
Oyster Hatcheries in Maryland (Fall 1999)
Oyster Hatchery Expansion (Fall 1998)
Oyster Disease Research and Aquaculture (Summer 1997)
Oyster Disease Research
Oyster Research and Restoration in U.S. Coastal Waters
Restoring Oysters To U.S. Coastal Waters: A National Commitment
Maryland's Oysters: Research and Management